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Rote learning Memorization is the process of committing something to memory. The act of memorization is often a deliberate mental process undertaken in order to store in memory for later recall items such as experiences, names, appointments, addresses, telephone numbers, lists, stories, poems, pictures, maps, diagrams, facts, music or other visual, auditory, or tactical information.
Memorization may also refer to the process of storing particular data into the memory of a device. One of the most basic approaches to learning any information is simply to repeat it by rote.
Typically this will include reading over notes or a textbook, and re-writing notes. Reading and listening[ edit ] The weakness with rote learning is that it implies a passive reading and listening style.
Educators such as John Dewey have argued that students need to learn critical thinking — questioning and weighing up evidence as they learn.
This can be done during lectures or when reading books. A method that is useful during the first interaction with the subject of study is REAP method.
This method helps students to improve their understanding of the text and bridge the idea with that of the author's. Reading a section to discern the idea. Paraphrasing the idea from the author's perspective to the student's own words.
Annotating the section with critical understanding and other relevant notes. To ponder about what they read through thinking, discussing with others and reading related materials.
Thus it allows possibility of elaboration and fulfillment of zone of proximal development.
Annotating and Encoding helps the student reprocess the content into concise and coherent knowledge which adds a meaningful symbolic fund of knowledge. Precis annotation, Organizing question annotation, Intentional annotation and Probe annotation are some of the annotation methods used.
The student looks at the topic to be learned by glancing over the major headings or the points in the syllabus. The student formulates questions to be answered following a thorough examination of the topic s. The student reads through the related material, focusing on the information that best relates to the questions formulated earlier.
The student summarizes the topic, bringing his or her own understanding into the process. This may include written notes, spider diagrams, flow diagrams, labeled diagrams, mnemonicsor even voice recordings.
The student answers the questions drafted earlier, avoiding adding any questions that might distract or change the subject. There are a variety of studies from different colleges nationwide that show peer-communication can help increase better study habits tremendously.
Flashcard training[ edit ] Flashcards are visual cues on cards. These have numerous uses in teaching and learning, but can be used for revision. Students often make their own flashcardsor more detailed index cards — cards designed for filing, often A5 size, on which short summaries are written.
Being discrete and separate, they have the advantage of allowing students to re-order them, pick a selection to read over, or choose randomly for self-testing. Software equivalents can be used. Keywords[ edit ] Summary methods vary depending on the topic, but most involve condensing the large amount of information from a course or book into shorter notes.
Often, these notes are then condensed further into key facts. Such as outlines showing keywords and definitions and relations, usually in a tree structure.
Using spider diagrams or mind maps can be an effective way of linking concepts together. They can be useful for planning essays and essay responses in exams. These tools can give a visual summary of a topic that preserves its logical structure, with lines used to show how different parts link together.
Visual imagery[ edit ] Some learners are thought to have a visual learning styleand will benefit greatly from taking information from their studies which are often heavily verbal, and using visual techniques to help encode and retain it in memory.
Some memory techniques make use of visual memory, for example the method of locia system of visualising key information in real physical locations e. Diagrams are often underrated tools.
They can also aid the recall of information learned very quickly, particularly if the student made the diagram while studying the information.
Pictures can then be transferred to flashcards that are very effective last-minute revision tools rather than rereading any written material.
Acronyms and mnemonics[ edit ] A mnemonic is a method of organizing and memorizing information. Some use a simple phrase or fact as a trigger for a longer list of information.
For example, the cardinal points of the compass can be recalled in the correct order with the phrase "Never Eat Shredded Wheat".Series Overview Features Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Health Sciences Cultural Studies Business Sociology Sociology Psychology.
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