Barack Obama History The Democratic Party is the oldest political party in the United States and among the oldest political parties in the world. It traces its roots towhen followers of Thomas Jefferson adopted the name Republican to emphasize their antimonarchical views. The Republican Partyalso known as the Jeffersonian Republicans, advocated a decentralized government with limited powers.
United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. As the nation developed, it expanded westward from small settlements along the Atlantic Coast, eventually including all the territory between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans across the middle of the North American continent, as well as two noncontiguous states and a number of territories.
At the same time, the population and the economy of the United States grew and changed dramatically. The population diversified as immigrants arrived from all countries of the world. From its beginnings as a remote English colony, the United States has developed the largest economy in the world.
The efforts to deal with and resolve these struggles have shaped the United States of America into the 21st century. Native America in The lands and human societies that European explorers called a New World were in fact very old. Sea level dropped by hundreds of feet, creating a land bridge between Alaska and Siberia.
Asians walked across to become the first human inhabitants of the Americas. Precisely when this happened remains unknown, but most scientists believe it occured before 15, years ago.
When the last glaciers receded about 10, years ago thus ending this first great migration to Americaancestors of the Native Americans filled nearly all of the habitable parts of North and South America.
See also First Americans. The Native Americans who greeted the first Europeans had become diverse peoples. They spoke between and distinct languages, and their societies and ways of living varied tremendously.
Louis, Missouri, where their city of Cahokia was larger than medieval London and Natchez, Mississippi.
The Pueblo peoples of the Southwest lived in large towns, irrigated their dry land with river water, and traded with peoples as far away as Mexico and California. In the East, the peoples who eventually encountered English settlers were varied, but they lived in similar ways. All of them grew much of their food.
Women farmed and gathered food in the woods. Men hunted, fished, and made war.
None of these peoples kept herds of domestic animals; they relied on abundant wild game for protein. All lived in family groups, but owed their principal loyalties to a wider network of kin and to their clans.
West Africa in In Central and West Africa, the great inland kingdoms of Mali and Ghana were influenced and largely converted by Islam, and these kingdoms had traded with the Muslim world for hundreds of years.
From the beginning, slaves were among the articles of trade. These earliest enslaved Africans were criminals, war captives, and people sold by their relatives to settle debts.
New World demand increased the slave trade and changed it. They conducted raids into the interior and sold their captives to European slavers. Nearly all of the Africans enslaved and brought to America by this trade were natives of the western coastal rain forests and the inland forests of the Congo and Central Africa.
Others were from smaller ethnic and language groups. Most had been farmers in their homeland. The men hunted, fished, and tended animals, while women and men worked the fields cooperatively and in large groups.
They practiced polygyny men often had several wives, each of whom maintained a separate householdand their societies tended to give very specific spiritual duties to women and men.
Adolescent girls and boys were inducted into secret societies in which they learned the sacred and separate duties of women and men. These secret societies provided supernatural help from the spirits that governed tasks such as hunting, farming, fertility, and childbirth.
Although formal political leaders were all men, older, privileged women exercised great power over other women. Thus enslaved African peoples in the New World came from societies in which women raised children and governed one another, and where men and women were more nearly equal than in America or Europe.
European Exploration In the century before Columbus sailed to America, Western Europeans were unlikely candidates for worldwide exploration. The Chinese possessed the wealth and the seafaring skills that would have enabled them to explore, but they had little interest in the world outside of China.
The Arabs and other Islamic peoples also possessed wealth and skills. The Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in and by the s had nearly reached Vienna.
These conquests gave them control over the overland trade routes to Asia as well as the sea route through the Persian Gulf.
The conquests also gave them an expanding empire to occupy their attention. Western Europeans, on the other hand, were developing the necessary wealth and technology and a compelling need to explore.
The population of Western European nations was growing, providing a tax base and a labor force for new classes of large landholders.During the mids, a significant number of Asian immigrants settled in the United States.
Lured by news of the California gold rush, some 25, Chinese had migrated there by the early s. Most Americans have been led to believe that that the United States has a two-party political system.
In fact, of course, the Constitution of the United States says nothing about political parties and many of the founding fathers abhorred the very idea of political parties taking root in America. General U.S. History Sites. Massachusetts Historical Society - The Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS) is an independent research library and manuscript repository.
Its holdings encompass millions of rare and unique documents and artifacts vital to the study of American history, many of them irreplaceable national treasures.
A History of Futures Trading in the United States. Joseph Santos, South Dakota State University. Many contemporary [nineteenth century] critics were suspicious of a form of business in which one man sold what he did not own to another who did not want it. The First Political Parties The United States in the twenty-first century is predominately a two-party system.
Although more than two political parties exist, many American voters tend to side with one of the big two: the Democrats or the Republicans. United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times.