The following aggravated forms of murder are punishable by death: Murder even without aggravating factors is punishable by death. The following offenses are punishable by death if they result in the death of a victim, even in the absence of an intent to cause death: Arson of State buildings or places of mass gatherings, religious sites, or public transportation vehicles is punishable by death.
Many people believe that retribution is morally flawed and problematic in concept and practice. We cannot teach that killing is wrong by killing. Catholic Conference To take a life when a life has been lost is revenge, it is not justice. Attributed to Archbishop Desmond Tutu Vengeance The main argument that retribution is immoral is that it is just a sanitised form of vengeance.
Scenes of howling mobs attacking prison vans containing those accused of murder on their way to and from court, or chanting aggressively outside prisons when an offender is being executed, suggest that vengeance remains a major ingredient in the public popularity of capital punishment.
But just retribution, designed to re-establish justice, can easily be distinguished from vengeance and vindictiveness. In any case, is vengeance necessarily a bad Anti death penalty arguments The Victorian legal philosopher James Fitzjames Stephens thought vengeance was an acceptable justification for punishment.
Punishment, he thought, should be inflicted: Sir James Fitzjames Stephens, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Retribution and the innocent But the issue of the execution of innocent persons is also a problem for the retribution argument - if there is a serious risk of executing the innocent then one of the key principles of retribution - that people should get what they deserve and therefore only what they deserve - is violated by the current implementation of capital punishment in the Anti death penalty arguments, and any other country where errors have taken place.
Uniqueness of the death penalty It's argued that retribution is used in a unique way in the case of the death penalty.
Crimes other than murder do not receive a punishment that mimics the crime - for example rapists are not punished by sexual assault, and people guilty of assault are not ceremonially beaten up. Camus and Dostoevsky argued that the retribution in the case of the death penalty was not fair, because the anticipatory suffering of the criminal before execution would probably outweigh the anticipatory suffering of the victim of their crime.
Others argue that the retribution argument is flawed because the death penalty delivers a 'double punishment'; that of the execution and the preceding wait, and this is a mismatch to the crime.
Many offenders are kept 'waiting' on death row for a very long time; in the USA the average wait is 10 years. Death Penalty Information Center In Japan, the accused are only informed of their execution moments before it is scheduled.
The result of this is that each day of their life is lived as if it was their last. Capital punishment is not operated retributively Some lawyers argue that capital punishment is not really used as retribution for murder, or even consistently for a particular kind of murder.
They argue that, in the USA at least, only a small minority of murderers are actually executed, and that imposition of capital punishment on a "capriciously selected random handful" of offenders does not amount to a consistent programme of retribution.
Since capital punishment is not operated retributively, it is inappropriate to use retribution to justify capital punishment. This argument would have no value in a society that applied the death penalty consistently for particular types of murder.
Capital punishment is not retribution enough Some people who believe in the notion of retribution are against capital punishment because they feel the death penalty provides insufficient retribution. They argue that life imprisonment without possibility of parole causes much more suffering to the offender than a painless death after a short period of imprisonment.
Another example is the planner of a suicide bombing - execution might make that person a martyr, and therefore would be a lesser retribution than life imprisonment. Top Failure to deter The death penalty doesn't seem to deter people from committing serious violent crimes.
The thing that deters is the likelihood of being caught and punished. The general consensus among social scientists is that the deterrent effect of the death penalty is at best unproven. In a survey was conducted for the UN to determine the relation between the death penalty and homicide rates.
This was then updated in Such proof is unlikely to be forthcoming. The evidence as a whole still gives no positive support to the deterrent hypothesis.
The key to real and true deterrence is to increase the likelihood of detection, arrest and conviction. The death penalty is a harsh punishment, but it is not harsh on crime.
It's actually impossible to test the deterrent effect of a punishment in a rigorous way, as to do so would require knowing how many murders would have been committed in a particular state if the law had been different during the same time period.
Deterrence is a morally flawed concept Even if capital punishment did act as a deterrent, is it acceptable for someone to pay for the predicted future crimes of others? Some people argue that one may as well punish innocent people; it will have the same effect.
This isn't true - if people are randomly picked up off the street and punished as scapegoats the only consequence is likely to be that the public will be frightened to go out. To make a scapegoat scheme effective it would be necessary to go through the appearance of a legitimate legal process and to present evidence which convinced the public that the person being punished deserved their punishment.
While some societies have operated their legal systems on the basis of fictional evidence and confessions extracted by torture, the ethical objections to such a system are sufficient to render the argument in the second paragraph pointless. Brutalising society Brutalising individuals Statistics show that the death penalty leads to a brutalisation of society and an increase in murder rate.
In the USA, more murders take place in states where capital punishment is allowed. Inthe murder rate in states where the death penalty has been abolished was 4.The death penalty is a lethal lottery: of the 15, to 17, homicides committed every year in the United States, approximately people are sentenced to death, less than 1%.
Capital punishment goes against almost every religion. This is a very long document. Please allow the page to load completely. DEATH PENALTY AND SENTENCING INFORMATION In the United States 10/1/ Our Mission.
The National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty’s mission is to abolish the death penalty in the United States and support efforts to abolish the death penalty . Medical Marijuana - Should Marijuana Be a Medical Option?
Background. Capital punishment is the lawful infliction of death as a punishment and since ancient times it has been used for a wide variety of offences. Capital punishment debate in the United States existed as early as the colonial period. As of it remains a legal penalty in 31 states, the federal government, and military criminal justice systems. The Death Penalty Deserves the Death Penalty The Supreme Court’s upcoming argument in Glossip v. Gross will require the justices to face some of capital punishment’s grisly realities.
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School Uniforms - . Top 10% Absolutely Positively the Best 30 Death Penalty Websites on the Internet (Top 1%) Death Penalty Information Center Probably the single most comprehensive and authoritative internet rersource on the death penalty, including hundreds of anti-death penalty articles, essays, and quotes on issues of deterrence, cost, execution of the .
Background. Capital punishment is the lawful infliction of death as a punishment and since ancient times it has been used for a wide variety of offences.