Critical and Biographical Studies 1. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene Sintes Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker.
Wisdom is part natural and part acquired, combining knowledge and native abilities; it largely comes from maturing of life experience, from contemplation, reading, conversing and study. Courage is needed to help the journalist resist the many temptations which would stray him away from the path which wisdom shows.
It is this Virtue, giving harmony and proportion to moral life, which helps ns avoid fanaticism in pursuit of any goal. Equal treatment simply does not satisfy deservingness- does not imply "just" coverage.
Thus at the base of journalistic ethics is an allegiance to truth. This allegiance to truth, not to some person source who reveals information, is what is important. The ethics of collective altruism, has been, expressed generally in terms of the utilitarian principle that good conduct is that which results in the greatest good to the greatest number.
There are two practical problems with this theory: The journalist, for instance, in deciding whether or not to present a story, has no sound way of knowing which action will result in the greatest good to the greatest number of people.
He can only guess-and hope. The second problem above leads the journalist to a kind of "give them what they want" ethical stance, abdicating personal commitment.
For Kant, for example, virtue has nothing to do with pleasure or with any other "consequences". Bertrand Russell has written of Kant: Kant was never tired of pouring scorn on the view that the good consists of pleasure, or of anything else except virtue.
And virtue consists in accepting what the moral law enjoins. A right action done from any other motive cannot count as virtuous.
If you are kind to your brother because you are fond of him, you have no merit; but if you can hardly stand him and are nevertheless kind to him because the moral law says you should be, then you are the sort of person that Kant thinks you ought to be.
The Journalistic Situationist There are a good number of journalists who believe that they should tell the truth as a basic principle, or that they should not distort their story, but who will, after due consideration of the situation conclude that it is all right to distort this particular story, or even to lie.
Do the circumstances in such cases warrant a departure from basic-generally held-moral guidelines: He is one, then, who takes special situations into consideration in making his ethical decisions; he is a relativist to be sure, but a rational relativist, one who thinks before applying the basic ethical rules.
Journalists like to point out Machiavellianism in others especially among politiciansbut they themselves very often operate under this variant of situation ethics. They usually contend they believe in absolutes such as giving their guidance on all the pertinent facts or not changing or distorting quotes from a sourceyet they depart from these principles when they think that "in this special case" it is reasonable to do so.
They normally talk about their belief in "letting the people know" but they determine innumerable exceptions to this principle-times when they will not because of the circumstances of the special situation let the people know. Very little has been written about journalistic ethics beyond certain repetitious phrases appearing in "codes" and "creeds" designed largely for framing and hanging as wall trappings.
Perhaps one reason for this is that most editors, publishers, news directors and other journalists simply write the whole subject of ethics as "relative", giving little or no importance to absolute or universal journalistic principles.
Certainly a free journalist has the right to consider ethics in this way, but such a relativistic concept relegates ethics to a kind of "nothingness limbo" where anything any journalist does can be considered ethical.
Or, said in another way, what one journalist does can be considered just as ethical as what any other journalist does.Published: Mon, 5 Dec The phone hacking scandal and the subsequent public inquiries exposed how journalists from News of the World (NoW) had been employing illegal reporting techniques to gather information for news with no regards to journalism ethics.
1. Foreword by David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Corruption is the cancer at the heart of so many of our problems in the world today.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. PressThink, a project of the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University, is written by Jay Rosen. Remarkably, in the popularly known Watergate Scandal, a new concept of journalism emerged. A new responsibility has been formed by the brevity of the news reporters of the Washington Post.
From merely presenting facts, a journalist has gone to the extent of delivering their own opinion on a particular issue.