King phillip ii of spain king

Inat the age of 10, Philip was married to year-old Elisabeth of Francealthough the relationship does not appear to have been close; some have even suggested that Olivareshis key minister, later deliberately tried to keep the two apart to maintain his influence, encouraging Philip to take mistresses instead.

King phillip ii of spain king

The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Philip II was born in and he died in Philip II became king of Spain in January However, his reign saw the economic decline of Spain, her bankruptcy and a disastrous decade from to which included the disaster of the Spanish Armada.

Philip II considered himself to be a traditional Spanish man — he had a love of music and art.

Philip II | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts |

He had a wonderful collection of masterpieces at the Escorial — his palace outside of Madrid. Philip II was a cultivated man who read widely and was good at History and Politics but poor at languages.

He was passionate about collecting rare books and works of art. He was a deeply religious man and the Escorial was the home for a Hieronymite monastery and church.

However, he frequently distrusted the advice of his advisors as well so any decisions that had to be made to a great deal of time to arrive at. Why did Philip distrust his own instincts and the advice of others? Many believe that he had a chronic lack of self-confidence.

The Spanish Empire was huge and many day-to-day issues had to be dealt with. Philip had his advisors but he ruled as an absolute ruler and he was a firm believer in the divine right of kings — that God had appointed him as king and that as God could not make a mistake neither could Philip.

Early life and marriages

Although the king resembles his father in face and speech, in his attention to his religious duties, and in his habitual kindness and good faith, he nevertheless differs from him in several of those respects in which the greatness of rulers, after all, lies. The emperor was addicted to war, which he well understood; the king knows but little of it and has no love for it.

The emperor undertook great enterprises with enthusiasm; his son avoids them. The father was fond of planning great things and would in the end realise his wishes with his skill; his son, on the contrary, pays less attention to augmenting his own greatness than to hindering that of others……….

King phillip ii of spain king

It is among them that he lives, it is they he consults, and it is they that direct his policy; in all this he is acting quite contrary to the habit of his father.

He thinks little of the Italians and Flemish and still less of the Germans.

Phillip II - the man - History Learning Site

Although he may employ the chief men of all the countries over which he rules, he admits none of them to his secret counsels, but utilises their services only in military matters, and then not so much because he really esteems them, as in the hope that he will in this way prevent his enemies from making use of them.Philip II of Spain Biography Philip II was an important Spanish king.

Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about his Of Birth: Pimentel Palace, Valladolid, Spain. It was Philip II who sent the Armada against England in He was king of Spain from to , King of England and Ireland by marriage from to (as husband of Mary I), King of Naples from to , and King of Portugal from to During his reign, the Netherlands began to fight for their independence, though this .

Philip II Biography Military Leader, Duke, King (–) King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world's largest empires. Philip II, (May 21, – September 13, ) was King of Spain from until , King of Naples from until , king consort of England, as husband of Mary I, from to , lord of the Seventeen Provinces from until , holding various titles for the individual territories, such as duke or count; and King of Portugal and the Algarves as Philip .

Philip II, King of Spain, only son of the Emperor Charles V, and Isabella of Portugal, b.

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at Valladolid, May 21, ; d. at the Escorial, September 13, He was carefully educated in the sciences, learned French and Latin, though he never spoke anything but Castilian, and also showed much interest in architecture and music. King Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II) of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent or Philip II of the House of Habsburg, was unarguably the most important ruler in Spanish history.

It was under his reign that Spain reached the height of its influence and power, and also of its artistic, literary, and musical Of Birth: Pimentel Palace, Valladolid, Spain.

Philip II of Spain