Saul McLeodpublished Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i.
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Despite our best attempts to "know thyself," the truth is that we often know astonishingly little about our own minds, and even less about the way others think. Aside from providing fodder for stimulating cocktail-party conversations, some of the most famous psychological experiments of the past century reveal universal and often surprising truths about human nature.
Here are 10 classic psychological studies that may change the way you understand yourself. We all have some capacity for evil. Arguably the most famous experiment in the history of psychology, the Stanford prison study put a microscope on how social situations can affect human behavior.
The researchers, led by Psychological case study report Philip Zimbardo, set up a mock prison in the basement of the Stanford psych building and selected 24 undergraduates who had no criminal record and were deemed psychologically healthy to act as prisoners and guards. Researchers then observed the prisoners who had to stay in the cells 24 hours a day and guards who shared eight-hour shifts using hidden cameras.
You might not be nearly as aware as you think. Inresearchers from Harvard and Kent State University targeted pedestrians on a college campus to determine how Psychological case study report people notice about their immediate environments.
In the experimentan actor came up to a pedestrian and asked for directions. While the pedestrian was giving the directions, two men carrying a large wooden door walked between the actor and the pedestrian, completely blocking their view of each other for several seconds.
During that time, the actor was replaced by another actor, one of a different height and build, and with a different outfit, haircut and voice. The experiment was one of the first to illustrate the phenomenon of "change blindness," which shows just how selective we are about what we take in from any given visual scene -- and it seems that we rely on memory and pattern-recognition significantly more than we might think.
In the experiment, four-year-olds were put in a room by themselves with a marshmallow on a plate in front of them, and told that they could either eat the treat now, or if they waited until the researcher returned 15 minutes later, they could have two marshmallows.
The children who did manage to hold off for the full 15 minutes generally used avoidance tactics, like turning away or covering their eyes. Those who were able to delay gratification were much less likely to be obese, or to have drug addiction or behavioral problems by the time they were teenagers, and were more successful later in life.
We can experience deeply conflicting moral impulses. A famous study by Yale psychologist Stanley Milgram tested rather alarmingly how far people would go to obey authority figures when asked to harm others, and the intense internal conflict between personal morals and the obligation to obey authority figures.
Milgram wanted to conduct the experiment to provide insight into how Nazi war criminals could have perpetuated unspeakable acts during the Holocaust. To do so, he tested a pair of participants, one deemed the "teacher" and the other deemed the "learner.
Milgram instead played recordings which made it sound like the learner was in pain, and if the "teacher" subject expressed a desire to stop, the experimenter prodded him to go on. During the first experiment, 65 percent of participants administered a painful, final volt shock labeled "XXX"although many were visibly stressed and uncomfortable about doing so.
While the study has commonly been seen as a warning of blind obedience to authority, Scientific American recently revisited it, arguing that the results were more suggestive of deep moral conflict.
A study published in the journal Psychological Review put students into groups of three to write a short paper together. Two students were instructed to write the paper, while the other was told to evaluate the paper and determine how much each student would be paid. In the middle of their work, a researcher brought in a plate of five cookies.
Although generally the last cookie was never eaten, the "boss" almost always ate the fourth cookie -- and ate it sloppily, mouth open. We seek out loyalty to social groups and are easily drawn to intergroup conflict. This classic s social psychology experiment shined a light on the possible psychological basis of why social groups and countries find themselves embroiled in conflict with one another -- and how they can learn to cooperate again.
When the two groups finally integrated, the boys started calling each other names, and when they started competing in various games, more conflict ensued and eventually the groups refused to eat together. In the next phase of the research, Sherif designed experiments to try to reconcile the boys by having them enjoy leisure activities together which was unsuccessful and then having them solve a problem together, which finally began to ease the conflict.
We only need one thing to be happy. The year Harvard Grant study --one of the most comprehensive longitudinal studies ever conducted -- followed male Harvard undergraduates from the classes of now well into their 90s for 75 years, regularly collecting data on various aspects of their lives.Case Studies.
Guidelines to writing. A case study – is a worldwide used problem-solving method to analyze subject-related tasks. If you are studying business or economics, you better perfect your line, because you are going to use it very often..
The goal of this type of work is to harden the skills of analyzing life situations by means of stored knowledge on the subject. With a case study, you provide an in-depth observation into an event, process or person. A well-written case study requires planning and thought to properly analyze the situation and offer possible solutions.
When your professor requests that you write your paper in American Psychological . Case study report in psychology deals with the mental status of any single individual. Students need to follow specific guidelines for writing these reports. In this blog we will discuss about some useful tips to write an ideal case study report in Psychology.
So in order to write a psychological case study, you will need to collect as much information as you can on the client and have a background in psychology. The purpose of case studies are to identify issues and help develop treatment plans that will help the clients resolve these issues and .
Sample Psychological Report - Confidential. Case Conceptualization. Case Formulation. Psychological Test Evaluation. 1 has been successfully used to treat Anxiety Disorders.2 In this case study, the client has Post Traumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD]; which is one of the most multi-problem mental health categories in the Anxiety Disorder /5(23).
It is important to know how to write a case study properly because they are used in the mental health field. The sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" provides guidelines on how to compose a case study.