What does it mean to be a leader? They suggest what is called, "challenge-driven leadership. Have you ever noticed this about the way most American companies select people to manage others? According to Deborah Ancona, a professor of management and organizational studies at MIT, companies in America circa s were "super bureaucracies.
About this Typology About this Typology This typology breaks down the traditional boundaries between the nonprofit and private sectors and draws definition to this new institutional animal--part business-part social--the social enterprise.
In doing so, the typology explores how institutions have combined a mix of social values and goals with commercial business practices and how they have come up with ownership models, income and capitalization strategies, and unique management and service systems designed to maximize social value.
The illustrative typology classifies different models of social enterprise in order to navigate readers through the currently ill-defined, diverse and dynamic landscape of this emerging field.
This typology is an outgrowth of a paper commissioned by the Inter-American Development Bank in entitled: The typology is a work in progress, and will be updated with new models, examples, and case studies.
We invite you to send us your comments and examples of your social enterprises that we can include here.
Outsourcing has become strategic—yet many executives remain unprepared. A new era of capability sourcing will trigger organizational redesign and require a new set of managerial skills. As organizations move away from a “command and control” model to a more “cultivate and coordinate” model, executives can no longer rely on old ways of thinking about leadership strategies. RBC Group is one of Australia’s largest independent and privately owned Technology Integrators. Currently in its 42nd year of operation, RBC Group is .
Attribution should be made by providing a link to http: The Author The Author Kim Alter has endeavored to bring business practices to nonprofit organizations and international development agencies, encouraging their sustainability through earned income, in more than 30 countries worldwide for over a dozen years.
She is founder and Principal of Virtue Venturesa management consulting firm specializing in social enterprise. Web and document designs are by Vincent Dawans from Virtue Ventures. Kim and Vincent can be contacted via the online contact form.
The second section puts the social enterprise field in context. It starts by organizing practitioners on a spectrum by their philanthropic versus their commercial orientation.
The third section presents several ways of classifying social enterprises, either based on their mission orientationbased on the level of integration between social programs and business activitiesor based on the nature of their target market.
The fourth section presents several common social enterprise operational models grouped into three main structural categories which cover a wide range of interplay between several variables, such as clients, market, social service programs, mission orientation, financial objectives, etc.
Finally, the fifth section examines social enterprise structures as they relate to ownership and legal status. Acknowledgements Acknowledgements The Inter-American Development Bank must be recognized for commissioning the original version of this paper entitled: Without the support provided by the Inter-American Development Bank this work simply would not have been possible.
Specific thanks are owed to Alvaro Rameriz, Division Deputy Chief and Jacqueline Bass, Senior Advisor for Micro and Small Enterprise, the Inter-American Development Bank, who provided the foresight and leadership to instigate this typology, labored over the cases, and tirelessly read and commented on the paper in its various incarnations.
I would like to thank and acknowledge the contributions of the following individuals who agreed to review and provide feedback on this paper. Each one is a respected leader and major contributor to the social enterprise and international economic development fields; their thoughts, ideas, words, and previous work laid the foundation for this piece.
Special recognition goes to Vincent Dawans from Virtue Ventures for his contributions to sections on impact measurements and graphical representations.
Finally, much gratitude is due to Laura Brown, faithful editor, who willingly took this paper in its original incarnation on her vacation. Inthe Social Entrepreneurship Program SEPwhich replaced the Small Projects Fund, was created to promote social equity and the economic development of poor and marginal groups.
The Social Entrepreneurship Program promotes business operations that generate social benefits and help community organizations encourage microenterprise development. Thus, in its year history, the Bank has supported numerous projects that fall under the rubric of social enterprise through this program.
SEP uses its resources strategically and funds a limited number of representative projects; such operations must be capable of promoting learning between countries or of being emulated in other parts of the region.
Supports financial services and business development projects with a special emphasis on poor and marginalized groups. Government agencies, bilateral funds, and multilateral donors have joined forces with IDB and the Social Entrepreneurship Program to strengthen that assistance.
The IDB Group is committed to contributing to the success of this new type of social enterprise and supporting projects that offer financial and business development services as well as social and community services in a sound, efficient, and sustainable way to benefit low-income people, indigenous groups, women, youth, and other marginalized groups.
Foreword to the original version, by Jed Emerson Foreword to the original version, by Jed Emerson The ability to create, to break the mold, to engage in enterprise is perhaps one of the greatest attributes of humanity. Our capacity for shortsightedness, bias, and provincialism is perhaps our greatest weakness.
This document gives evidence of the first, and foreshadows the coming of the second.Outsourcing has become strategic—yet many executives remain unprepared.
A new era of capability sourcing will trigger organizational redesign and require a new set of managerial skills. Gartner is the world’s leading research and advisory company.
We equip business leaders with indispensable insights, advice and tools to achieve their mission-critical priorities today and build the successful organizations of tomorrow. As organizations move away from a “command and control” model to a more “cultivate and coordinate” model, executives can no longer rely on old ways of thinking about leadership strategies.
Hewlett Packard (HP) is a multinational information technology corporation headquarterd in Palo Alto, California, USA. This report examines the external and internal factors that have influenced HP defining their strategic and competitive position.
A strategy map is a visual summary of what a company plans to do in order to improve its business, gain more customers and improve its financial outlook.
Additionally, many companies find strategy maps valuable because they include intangible factors like culture in the strategic analysis.
The Art of Opportunity is all about creatively discovering new growth opportunities for your company and crafting a collaborative strategy that will get you there. Not only is the content powerful, the design is stimulating for the eyes as well as the mind. Read this book and start innovating!